Have you at any time listened to of Francis Lewis? Does the identify Abraham Clark ring a bell? How about John Hart?

Some of you may possibly have guessed that these are the names of 3 of the males who, together with fifty three other people, signed that most historic of all paperwork, the Declaration of Independence. But do you know their stories? In actuality, do you know just about anything about any of those males who pledged their life, their fortunes and their sacred honor for the result in of independence? We all know about Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, but the vast majority of these forefathers of ours remain in obscurity for most of us, I consider.

This shouldn’t be.


I believe that with all my coronary heart that those Founding Fathers with whom we are all acquainted have been destined by God Himself to be our Founding Fathers. I also believe that that just about every of the 56 males who signed our Declaration of Independence have been introduced forth for that best reason. America was not a coincidence, not just the final result of a sequence of gatherings.

A person who became identified as “a person of New York City’s leading radicals” in the Revolutionary result in started his lifestyle as a preacher’s son in Wales. How did the younger Welshman Francis Lewis, born throughout the ocean and educated in Scotland & London, grow to be a founding member of the Sons of Liberty and a signatory of the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America?

“… for I am God, and there is none else I am God, and there is none like me… contacting… the person that executes my counsel from a much region… “ (Isaiah 46: nine, 11)



A person who requires himself in the forging of a nation, whose coronary heart and enthusiasm compel him to break away from security and ‘security’ to solution the get in touch with of liberty, should be a person of a selected character. Specified circumstances in a person’s lifestyle can establish such a character. It is considerable to me that both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, males extraordinaire, dropped their fathers at an early age. They grew up without having the supporting structure of a fully-orbed family, and I would surmise produced management attributes that may possibly not have usually grow to be a portion of their personalities. The willingness to danger and to think responsibility would be indispensable components in a founding father. The reduction of one’s earthly father early in lifestyle could definitely add to the progress of those attributes.

Francis Lewis was an orphan by the age of 5.

Data do not seem to show just how he dropped both mother and father so younger, but he did, and therefore entered the ranks of those stellar Founding Fathers who potentially led the way since they experienced dropped their own fathers early in lifestyle.



Lewis was introduced up by an single aunt, who “noticed to it that he analyzed in Scotland… and later attended the prestigious Westminster University in London.”  Lewis’ pursuits led him into the area of mercantile pursuits, and inevitably he proven himself as an unbiased businessman. A assets inheritance from his deceased father, converted to goods, created it doable for Francis to travel to New York & Philadelphia, where by he set up shop all around 1735.

(I can not support but imagine that, tragic as it would’ve been for a 5 year previous boy to grow to be fatherless, since of that, Francis inherited the indicates that introduced him from Wales to American shores. Since he was here, gatherings continued to transpire in his lifestyle that introduced him to that issue where by, quill poised previously mentioned parchment, he pledged lifestyle, fortune and honor to the Revolutionary result in.)


About time, Lewis expanded his business enterprise to include things like international trade endeavours, creating many trans-Atlantic buying and selling voyages to ports in Europe & Africa. Even though not without having setbacks, Lewis’ business enterprise prospered to the extent that he retired at age fifty two, in 1761. By the time he signed the Declaration of Independence, his estimated wealth ranked him fifth amid it really is signers (Encyclopedia of American Wealth). Yet again, since he was introduced here, gatherings continued to transpire in his lifestyle that introduced him to that issue where by “… the wealth that he experienced obtained was freely expended in the support of his region.” (dsdi) Lewis’ achievements in his prior business enterprise dealings served the American Revolution effectively.



“… in the procurement area, the source chiefs relied on the expertise and the knowledge of the colonial retailers.”

When those initial shots have been fired at Lexington & Harmony in April, 1775, the colonies did not have in area the systems, firm nor personnel to wage a victorious war. In the beginning, those colonists who fought for our independence from Good Britain have been militia males, not true military recruits. In a military endeavour of such impending magnitude, it was very important that the different New England states start out boosting armies. They did, evolving them from their respective militias. By June, the volunteer military that resulted was strengthened by 10 rifle organizations (from Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware & Virginia), offered by the Continental Congress, which assumed management. The Continental Military was born.

The significance of both males and provides in military functions is a specified any chief worthy of that title would undoubtedly know this. But it is advised that handful of envisioned such protracted Revolutionary battles, and as a final result colonial leaders did not “take pleasure ind the scope of the guidance demanded by an military.”  And since militia generally offered their own food stuff, garments & weapons where by doable, there existed a lack of realistic expertise with source businesses amid this new army’s management.


“Of particular significance to source have been two committees proven in the fall of 1775. On 18 September Congress established a Solution Committee of nine customers.”  This committee was involved with procuring provides abroad and acquiring international support.

Francis Lewis was a member of that Solution Committee.

As a member of the Solution Committee, he worked to procure garments for uniforms, arms & ammunition, and food stuff provides for the colonists. “… most, if not all, of their purchasing deputies have been retailers. The merchant alone experienced the knowledge, the trade connections, and the vital credit to manage procurement. For the most portion, his business enterprise was a own enterprise in which he used his own connections and took benefit of the mutual patronage they afforded him.” The U.S Military Heart of Military Record reports that retailers such as Francis Lewis “… used their own credit to obtain provides and incurred money owed for which they have been individually liable”, serving as shipper, banker, wholesaler, retailer, warehouseman, and insurer. Data discovered on the Library of Congress ‘ web site demonstrate even the informal reader how involved Francis Lewis was, and what meticulous depth he utilized, in his motivation to the Revolutionary result in.


I go into the information that I have, relating to the issues of providing the Continental Military and Francis Lewis’ involvement in it, since:

“Without the international support secured by these committees, having said that, the source solutions could not have offered plenty of guidance to keep the Continental Military in the area, nor could the Revolutionary War have been introduced to a effective conclusion.”

Without patriots such as Francis Lewis, the colonies would not have created it. You & I sit here reading this posting these days since a Francis Lewis pledged his skills and fortune, and in truth risked becoming hanged as a traitor, to wrestle our liberty from the jaws of the lion.



But Mr. Lewis’story doesn’t prevent here… I’m not quite completed with him quite nevertheless…there is certainly a little bit a lot more to convey to…

I outlined earlier that I believe that the signers of the Declaration of Independence have been destined by God to be the signers. It is my rivalry that if you are destined for a little something, no force in heaven or on earth, nor less than the earth! can prevent you.

But that doesn’t mean selected forces would not try! They may possibly endeavor to wreak their havoc by way of different indicates, from just basic nuisances to lifestyle-threatening plots, but they would not triumph. In Mr. Lewis’ case, there have been many tries created: a) for the duration of the course of his trans-Atlantic business enterprise excursions prior to his Revolutionary War involvement, Lewis “… twice endured shipwreck off the Irish coast.” (ColonialHall.com)  b) prior to his joining the Revolutionary result in, Lewis (as a Welshman & a merchant in the colonies) served the British forces for the duration of the French & Indian War by functioning as a source agent. He was at Fort Oswego in the summer of 1756, conducting business enterprise, when the fort was attacked by the French. Through the battle, the British commander Colonel Mersey was killed. Lewis was standing appropriate upcoming to him. (See *Notice) And  c) to include gasoline to the fire, when the fort was surrendered to the French, nevertheless humane procedure was promised, its commander General de Montcalm authorized the Indians to just take thirty prisoners. Guess who was a person of them…

Factors have been not on the lookout fantastic for Francis Lewis, have been they? It wasn’t until eventually 1763 – seven decades later – that Lewis was finally returned house to America.

( *Notice: George Washington experienced a very similar expertise )


In this entire world, the devil undoubtedly seems to have electric power. Up to a issue. But in the final result, God trumps all. Even though Lewis was held prisoner by the Indians and later the French, when he was introduced, the British authorities awarded him 5000 acres of land in New York as compensation for those dropped decades. As a final result of this assets acquirement, Lewis was capable to re-build his organizations, creating “a substantial fortune” – which, as earlier stated, served the American Revolution effectively.


Even though a Welshman when he arrived in New York Town in 1734, Francis Lewis’ loyalties have been inevitably turned to the American result in of independence from Good Britain by the challenge of taxation without having representation. His retirement in 1761 still left him cost-free to grow to be active in community lifestyle. He was current at the Stamp Act Congress in 1765, a founding member of the Sons of Liberty, and a member of the Committee of Fifty-Just one in New York. He served in setting up New York’s new authorities, and was elected their delegate in both the Initially & Next Continental Congresses.


In a feeling, Francis Lewis dropped his spouse to the Revolutionary War.

In late summer, 1776, right after brutally pillaging his house, British forces took her captive. It is stated that she was presently in very poor well being at that time.(Snopes.com)  Records show she was abused and unwell-taken care of in jail. Even though General Washington intervened and effected her launch right after many months, Elizabeth Lewis never fully recovered. In June, 1779, she passed from this earth.

Lewis lived one more 24 decades as a widower. He died in 1803.



Resource by Christina